Git is a distributed revision control and source code management system with an emphasis on speed. Git was initially for Linux kernel development. Git is a free software distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.

It exposure to software development life cycle and working knowledge of developing web-based and non web-based applications.

  • Centralized version control system
  • Distributed/Decentralized version control system

Advantages of Git

Free and open source

It is available freely over the internet. Can download its source code and also perform changes according to your requirements.

Fast and small

Gives a huge benefit in terms of speed. Doesn't rely on the central server.Illustrates the efficiency of Git at compressing and storing data on client side.

Implicit backup

The chances of losing data are very rare when there are multiple copies of it. Data present on any client-side mirrors the repository.


Uses a common cryptographic hash function called a secure hash function (SHA1). Impossible to change data from the Git database without knowing Git.

No need powerful hardware

All the heavy lifting happens on the client side, so the server hardware can be very simple indeed. Hardware limitations can be a performance bottleneck.

Easier branching

It will copy all the codes to the new branch, so it is time-consuming and not efficient. Also, deletion and merging of branches in CVCS is complicated and time-consuming.

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